Maintaining balance in relations with America and Russia is now evident in India’s foreign policy



India did not come under pressure from Western countries in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict.
India maintained bilateral relations with both Russia and America during this period.
India does not want to be part of any kind of polarization.

India is also more interested in bilateral relations and personal interests in international affairs. After the Russo-Ukrainian war, it was clearly shown that without being pressured by Western countries, India maintained friendly relations with Russia and also bought crude oil from it. This is quite different from India’s traditional policy of non-alignment. This time India is giving priority to personal interests in international affairs. It maintains bilateral relations on an equal footing with Russia and the United States. At the same time, due to the presidency of the G20 countries this year, this work has become more difficult. Will India maintain this delicate balance?

A change in the non-alignment policy?
From the beginning, India’s efforts were not to remain a part of the Cold War. In the 1950s, India was part of the Non-Aligned Movement, but at the same time it also maintained friendly relations with Russia. It established bilateral relations with America in many cases, but maintaining neutrality and non-alignment in international affairs, maintaining a policy of distancing. Things have changed since last year.

An important question for whom
Analyzing this situation in India is analyzed in the Bloomberg report, an attempt is made to answer similar questions while assessing India’s current conditions. But this question is much more important for Western countries as well as for America and Russia than it is for India.

US Indian Relations
After the Ukrainian crisis, India continued to buy oil from Russia, and the relationship between India and America also worsened. Or that America is no longer a partner of India. So it is not like that at all. There are many international matters in which India and America not only have the same opinion but also have allies. Its biggest factor is China. There are many issues such as India’s membership in the Quartet, bilateral trade between the two countries, bringing America and India together, and India is still very passionate about it.

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India’s international position has changed a lot after the Russo-Ukrainian war. (Representative image: shutterstock)

The situation with Russia
India has a special kind of relationship with Russia. India buys most of the weapons from Russia, and there is a deep cultural connection between the two countries. Now India seems to be moving in the direction of being more dependent on Russia to buy oil along with arms. Yes, gun purchases are definitely declining. Russia approached India because India was not subjected to pressure from Western countries during the conflict with Ukraine.

Read also: How right or wrong is India in training the Taliban?

Critical situation in India
The report states that according to a survey by Morning Consult, a US-based business intelligence firm, as India refrains from criticizing Russia, many people in India hold NATO and the US responsible for the Russia-Ukraine crisis rather than Russian President Vladimir Putin. Do. However, Modi understands the subtlety of this path all too well. He also repeatedly told Russia that India does not consider the right way of war.

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India has become a distinct voice on the global stage in the world. (Representative image: Wikimedia Commons)

No effect on other countries?
As far as America cares about the state of Russia, this is not important for both countries. Trade relations between the two countries are very deep and the conflict with China naturally brings them closer to Russia. America needs India more to stop China. That is why he wants to give India the status of a non-NATO military partner. And it’s not even that India does not buy weapons from America, rather, their purchase is growing.

Read also: What is China’s role in efforts to restore relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia?

It was accepted in the report that the government of India is now prioritizing its own interests, while having relations with America and Russia, it has also become the voice of the global South, while not yet adopting open leadership. India’s vision is now one of exploring international contradictions and serving its interests in a multipolar world, where bilateral relations are paramount. The same policy of India is evident with regard to Europe as well.

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